Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged as a transformative force in healthcare, including surgery. With its ability to analyze vast amounts of medical data, assist in complex surgical procedures, and predict patient outcomes, AI is reshaping the landscape of surgical decision-making. This article explores the multifaceted role of AI in surgery, focusing on its applications, benefits, challenges, and ethical considerations. AI algorithms can enhance the quality of medical images, such as CT scans, MRIs, and X-rays. By improving image clarity and highlighting anomalies, AI assists surgeons in accurate preoperative assessments. AI-based tools can rapidly detect and diagnose conditions that may require surgical intervention, such as tumors, fractures, or vascular abnormalities. Early diagnosis improves treatment outcomes and may reduce the need for invasive surgeries. AI analyzes patient data, including genetic information and medical history, to create personalized treatment plans. This allows surgeons to tailor surgical approaches, medications, and interventions to individual patient needs. AI models can predict patient outcomes based on a combination of factors, including surgical history, comorbidities, and procedural data. This information assists surgeons in making informed decisions regarding the timing and type of surgery.